We will be continuing our Know Your Label series by discussing the Certified Humane certification and the true meaning behind the components, standards, and tiers of Certified Humane animal welfare!
For starters, Certified Humane® Raised and Handled® is a certification placed on meat, chicken, pork, eggs, pet food, or other dairy products. Its purpose is to display which farm foods are following the Humane Farm Animal Care’s (HFAC) guidelines and standards.
Humane Farm Animal Care (HFAC) is a non-profit certification organization with a mission to improve the standards of animal welfare from birth through harvesting. HFAC makes their standards transparent and available to the public so that each consumer can make a conscious decision in their grocery purchases and play a part in animal welfare.
What is the Certification Telling You?
Surprisingly, the Certified Humane certification looks the same on every product yet the standards for certification vary based on the product and its claims. For example, you will see that “cage-free” eggs, “free-range” eggs, and “pasture-raised” eggs all have the same Certified Humane certification yet they all must meet very different standards.
It can be difficult to remember the difference between the standards of each Certified Humane egg product. Here is a breakdown:
Certified Humane “Cage-free” eggs: These hens must have at least 1.5 square feet of space per hen. Here, the birds are not required to have access to outdoor space. They must have 8 hours of light and 6 hours of continuous darkness during a 24-hour cycle.
Certified Humane “Free-range” eggs: If outdoor access is a must for you, you may want to consider free-range eggs. The hen must have at least 2 square feet per bird with access to the outdoors for a minimum of 6 hours.
Certified Humane “Pasture-raised” eggs: If you are a consumer who is looking for the highest quality of animal welfare, with the most extensive certification standards, you should purchase pasture-raised eggs. Their standards include at least 108 square feet per bird. Also, the birds must be outside all year with easy access to mobile and fixed housing.
When buying Certified Humane egg products, first look for the certification on the packaging (as seen below). Second, pay attention to what claim the packaging has stated: “cage free”, “free-range”, or “pasture raised” and the standards that embody each one.
Some standards that all species must meet are as follows:
All animals must not be confined to cages, crates, or tie stalls. This means that Certified Humane products come from farms that allow their animals to live a natural life.
Certified Humane products reduce the stress of animals through gentle handling and by providing enough shelter.
All animals are to be fed a nutritious, healthy diet that is free of animal by-products and added antibiotics or hormones. They must have access to a sufficient amount of clean, pure water.
When applying for the initial application or renewal, farmers must pay HFAC a $75 application fee. Farmers receive feedback and support from HFAC through their inspections which cost $600 per day per inspector; however, there is an option to split
the fee with other nearby farmers. HFAC also offers inspections during the production process which costs $700 per day per inspector. Furthermore, Certification fees vary based on the number of animals and products produced and sold from those animals.
Some Limitations to Certified Humane:
1. Beak Trimming
Although Certified Humane standards forbid debeaking, it still allows the process of beak trimming. The purpose of the beak trimming is to prevent pecking and cannibalism.
2. Certified Humane “cage-free” birds are not required to have outdoor access.
3. Humane Euthanasia
HFAC follows the American Veterinary Medical Association’s methods of euthanasia. When the animal is in a state of suffering, HFAC permits methods of euthanizing the species.
All in all, although there are some misconceptions of what the Certified Humane certification really indicates, it does provide meaningful insight into the overall treatment of animals and farm facilities.
It can be difficult to follow and compare all the components of the many animal welfare certifications out there, so stay tuned for GreenChoice’s Animal Welfare system coming soon! In the meantime, GreenChoice offers you product-specific health & sustainability insights and scores for over 55,000 food and beverage products, so you can easily compare products for food safety, processing concerns, nutritional value, and environmental impact. Download the app now for free on iPhone and Android and find foods fitting your dietary needs, values, and budget!